When you hear the words anti-poaching unit, what’s the first thing that comes into your mind? Poachers... Guns... Snares... War... Rhino Horn... Ivory? The Black Mambas is much more than just an anti-poaching unit. Whilst our main objective is the security of the reserve and the protection of wildlife, we also strive to create a strong bond and educate the communities that live on the boundaries of Balule and the Greater Kruger Park to the benefits of saving their natural heritage. It is our belief that the ‘war’ on poaching will not be won with guns and bullets, but through social upliftment and the education of local communities surrounding the reserves.

Social Upliftment

Transfrontier Africa acts in its capacity as a host agent on behalf of the Extended Public Works Program that aims to address unemployment and assist with skills development in South Africa. SANParks administers and accommodates the salaries of all our rangers through this program. All Black Mamba recruits are from local, previously disadvantaged communities and go through a rigorous 6 week training programme prior to deployment with an existing unit to further their training through work experience.


The Bushbabies Environmental Education Awareness Program

The Lesser bushbaby (Galago moholi) symbolises and defines the external environmental education awareness program, where learners are regarded as babies learning about the bush or environment. The Bushbabies Program is interlinked into the curriculum of local schools which should build on the children’s interests and should explore the subject matter in a multi-disciplinary manner; therefore we should enhance a child’s skills and build on their present ideas about conservation through a program that provides for a multitude of opportunities for the child’s growth and development. The objectives of this program are to bring knowledge to life, raise awareness of their surrounding environment, give a better understanding of conservation, lead to sustainable use of resources and install environmental problem-solving skills and ultimately installing an ethical ethos in our future generations.

Rhino Conservation

Transfrontier Africa in conjunction with Balule Nature Reserve, has an active rhino research program which is designed to investigate the effectiveness of the “Rhino range expansion program” and all other aspects of rhino management and protection based on scientific investigation. Transfrontier Africa's responsibilities have extended to cover the entire 50'000 hectares of Balule and includes the daily monitoring of the rhino to design a real-time locality map of rhinos in the hot-spots and high-risk areas in order to aid in deploying the anti-poaching units effectively. The location of rhinos is deduced from the rhino’s movements which the Black Mambas monitor daily through the use of VHF & GPS transmitters. All of this information is captured then collaborated on GIS and mapped for immediate dispersal to management and anti-poaching units prior to shift changes. This ensures that all anti-poaching units are deployed in the correct areas to protect the rhino.



Best Conservation Practitioner of the Year – Rhino Conservation Awards 2015

Champion of the Earth Award – United Nations Environment Programme

For outstanding courage in fighting the illegal wildlife trade at community level

The Champions of the Earth award is the United Nations highest environmental honour recognizing visionary people and organisations all over the world that exemplify leadership and advocate action on sustainable development, climate change and a life of dignity for all.

The Black Mamba Anti-Poaching Unit, a South African and majority-women ranger group, has been announced as one of the winners of the United Nation's top environmental accolade, the Champions of the Earth award.

“Since 2014 Rocking for Rhinos has donated a total of R104,309.00 toward the Black Mamba APU.

We would like to say a big thank you for your support so far over the past two years and we look forward to a long term relationship working together and continued support.”

Craig Spencer- Founder

082 7874 366